Impact of γ-irradiation and thermal processing on the antigenicity of almond, cashew nut and walnut proteins.

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Su, M., M. Venkatachalam, S.S. Teuber, K.H. Roux, S.K. Sathe, 2004. Impact of γ-irradiation and thermal processing on the antigenicity of almond, cashew nut and walnut proteins. J Sci Food Agric. 84:1119–1125.

Whole unprocessed almonds, cashew nuts and walnuts were each subjected to γ -irradiation (1, 5, 10 and 25 kGy) followed by heat processing including autoclaving (121°C, 15 psi for 15 and 30min), dry roasting (138 and 160°C for 30 min each, 168 and 177◦C for 12 min each), blanching (100°C for 5 and 10 min), oil roasting (191°C, 1min) and microwave heating (500W for 1 and 3min). Rabbit polyclonal antibodies were raised against each major protein isolated from defatted, but not subjected to γ -irradiation and/or any thermal processing, almond, cashew nut and walnut flours. Immunoreactivity of almond, cashew nut and walnut proteins soluble in borate saline buffer, normalised to 1mg protein ml1 for all samples, was determined by inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blotting. ELISAs and Western blotting experiments indicated that almond, cashew nut and walnut proteins exposed to γ -irradiation alone or followed by various thermal treatments remained antigenically stable.